What is Hepatitis?
Hepatitis is a viral infection of the liver, that when acquired sexually mainly is caused by hepatitis B, and more rarely type C and A.
Hepatitis A is most commonly transmitted via fecal contaminated food and drinks but can be acquired sexually through anal sex including oral-anal sex.
The symptoms of hepatitis are yellowing of the skin, nausea, liver pain, white-coloured feces, dark urine and possibly fever.
Hepatitis A never develops into chronic liver disease. Vaccination is available.
We do not offer screening for hepatitis A.
Hepatitis B and C
Hepatitis B and C can be sexually transmitted, and the virus can be found in body secretions such as blood, semen and on the mucous membranes
of the infected person.
Hepatitis B and C may develop into chronic hepatitis, predisposing cirrhosis and liver cancer.
How is hepatitis B and C transmitted?
The virus can be transmitted through the exchange of contaminated bodily fluids.
Drug addicts, and men who have unprotected sex with men, are at particular risk of being infected.
The risk of infection increases for every intercourse you have with an infected individual. The virus can also be transmitted via blood transfusion and from mother to child during childbirth.
Hepatitis B is prevalent in Asia, Africa, South America, Southern Europe, Eastern Europe and Greenland. The prevalence of hepatitis B and C in Denmark is low.
Hepatitis C is most commonly seen among drug addicts.
In the clinic, we offer examination for Hepatitis B and C to people at risk.
What are the symptoms of Hepatitis B and C?
About 90% of infected individuals merely notice a transient influenza-like episode.
Between 25-40% do not realize they are infected, but are carriers of the disease and may risk infecting others.
Other individuals experience the typical symptoms of hepatitis, mentioned earlier. The time from infection to the possible development of symptoms is:
- Hepatitis B: 6 weeks to 6 months
- Hepatitis C: 7 to 8 weeks
How is Hepatitis B and C detected?
Hepatitis B and C is detected by a blood test.
What is the treatment?
If hepatitis B or C is detected, you will be referred to The Department of Infectious diseases. The treatment will depend on the type of hepatitis, and
severity of the liver affection.
Can you prevent hepatitis B and C?
Condoms reduce the risk of being infected with Hepatitis B and C virus, but if you have any type oral ulceration, it is possible to be infected via kisses or oral sex.
Hepatitis B vaccination
A vaccine against hepatitis B exists. If you are in a risk group, for example men, who have sex with men, the vaccination is offered for free if you live in the Capital Region of Denmark, meaning Copenhagen and its suburbs.
To get the vaccine for free, you need to book an appointment with your general practitioner and refer to the special §2-agreement made with the Capital region of Denmark. The doctor will need to use the code: ”Ydelseskode 4105”.
It is important to rule out previous vaccination against or infection with hepatitis B with a blood test before you get vaccinated.
In order for the vaccine to be efficient for as long as possible, it is given after the following method:
- 1st vaccination is given immediately.
- 2nd vaccination is given 1 month after 1st vaccination.
- 3rd vaccination is given 6 months after the 1st vaccination.
The vaccination can safely be given to HIV positive individuals.
See the opening hours of the clinic at www.bispebjerghospital.dk
Where is the clinic located?
The clinic is located at Bispebjerg Hospital on Nielsine Nielsens Vej 3,enchange 5, 1st floor.
At the hospital’s website there is an interactive map of the hospital.