Gonorrhoea, what is?

Gonorrhoea is a sexually transmitted diseasecaused by bacteria. Infection can cause inflammationof the urethra, cervix, rectum and throat.

What is gonorrhoea?

Gonorrhoea is a sexually transmitted disease caused by the bacteria Neisseria Gonorrhoeae. Infection with the bacteria can cause inflammation of the urethra, cervix, rectum and throat. The infection is transmitted through unprotected
intercourse, deep sensual kisses and / or oral sex with an infected person. It takes 3 - 7 days from infection until you develop symptoms.

What are the symptoms?

No symptoms:
You can be infected without having symptoms, but treatment is nonetheless necessary.

Symptoms:
Yellowish discharge from the urethra and/or cervix. Pain during urination and/or during intercourse (women).

Infection of the rectum, it often without symptoms but can cause rectal discharge, or bleeding. Secretions transmitted to the eyes, can cause conjunctivitis.

In rare cases, the infection can cause swollen and painful joints.

Complications to gonorrhoea

Women might develop pelvic inflammatory disease, such as endometritis or salpingitis. The symptoms are vaginal discharge and severe pain in the lower abdomen. If left untreated, the inflammation can cause scar tissue, leading to a
decreased chance of future pregnancy. Men might develop epididymitis. The symptoms are pain and swelling in one side of the scrotum. This too can lead to decreased fertility.

How is gonorrhoea diagnosed?

If there are no symptoms the diagnose can be made after appproximataly one week. If there is visible discharge, it is possible to make the diagnosis at the clinic through microscopic examination of the secretion. A swab taken from all possible sites of infection (throat, urethra, cervix and rectum) is sent for analysis. You can expect to have the result within a week.

What is the treatment?

You will receive a single intramuscular injection with Ceftriaxone, an antibiotic related to penicillin. It is important to know if you are allergic to penicillin.

After the treatment has been administered, you will be observed for 20 minutes.

Possible side effects of the treatment

Some people develop abdominal discomfort and diarrhoea. Rare side effects are skin rash or urticaria.

When will you be clear of the infection?

You need to come back for a control swab at least two weeks after the treatment. It takes up to a week before you are no longer contagious. In that period you must refrain from sexual intercourse (protected as well as unprotected) and even avoid deep kisses, as this might also transmit the bacteria. Preferably you should refrain from sex untill after you have gotten a
control swab examination two weeks after treatment to make sure that the infection is cured.

Do I need to tell my partners?

It is important to contact your sexual partners to let them know that they might be infected, and therefore should be tested. This is also to avoid you getting reinfected.

Pregnant and newborn

If an infected woman gives birth to a child, the child might develop conjunctivitis, potentially leading to blindness.

Opening hours

See the opening hours of the clinic at www.bispebjerghospital.dk

Where is the clinic located?

The clinic is located at Bispebjerg Hospital on Nielsine Nielsens Vej 3, Indgang 5, 1st floor. At the hospital’s website there is an interactive map of the hospital

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